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Career guide: How to become a teacher in India

Published: Sunday 20th September 2020

Becoming a teacher in India is a process that is both rewarding and considered a noble profession. Imparting knowledge and shaping the youth leads to an extremely satisfying career path. They are like gardeners who put all their love, knowledge and care into young impressionable minds to help them achieve their hopes and dreams in life. As much as the weight of the responsibility the job holds, it is indeed a fulfilling one where you can make an actual difference.

Are you interested in pursuing a career in academia and teaching? In India, there are degrees stipulated for individuals who would like to pursue the job of a teacher at school and college levels. Our blog will discuss all you need to know about becoming a teacher in India and the procedure to follow post your HSC examinations. Read on to know more.

Becoming a teacher in India, Teacher asking her students a question at the elementary school

Once you pass and qualify your 12th HSC board exams, you can pursue a Bachelor’s degree and postgraduate degree in education. Your qualifications depend on the levels and institutions you wish to teach at.  Let’s see how!

  • Pre-primary school teacher: Pre-primary school teachers are in charge of introducing the world of academia to children of ages 3-5 years. Since they are the first people in contact with children outside their home environment, it is a big responsibility to prepare them to have basic skills, morals. Alphabetic and numerical knowledge, and discipline before they can enter primary schools. You will also teach them communication, storytelling, poetry, art and other stimulating activities to shape their  IQ and EQ. To become a pre-primary teacher you can pursue a Nursery Teachers Training degree or a Diploma in Early Childhood Education. 
  • Primary school teacher: Primary school teachers have very sensitive jobs as they are responsible for the education and upbringing of children in classes 1st to the 5th. At such an age, students are highly impressionable and need to be shown the correct example for manners and good behaviour apart from teaching them basic subjects such as English, Hindi, mathematics, environmental science and other regional languages. An individual is required to have a Bachelor’s degree in teaching all basic subjects as required in primary schools. You can pursue a Bachelor’s degree in Elementary Education, an Elementary Teacher Education degree or a Diploma in Elementary Education. 
  • Secondary school teacher: Secondary school teachers are called TGTs who are responsible for the education of students in classes 6th to 10th. Your scope would be teaching pre-teens and fresh teenagers how to navigate through their pre-adult phase. You will also deliver lessons in subjects such as social science, science, languages and mathematics, while training them about time management, appropriate behaviour, feedback  to help shape them well. To become a TGT, you will need to complete your Bachelor’s degree in education for two years after your 12th HSC. 
  • Senior-secondary school teacher: A senior secondary teacher is known as a PGT who teaches the 11th and 12th grades in school with specialized knowledge acquired from a master’s degree in a specific subject. To become a PGT, you need to pursue a postgraduate degree in teaching with a subject of your choice after completing your bachelors in education. For starters, you can appear for the CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test) to become a government approved PGT. 
  • Special educator: A Special Educator is one who teaches in a special school for children with special needs. It involves teaching children with emotional, mental, physical challenges and learning disabilities. 

To become a special needs educator you need to complete a Bachelor’s degree in Education (B.Ed.) that specializes in Special Education. 

  • College professor or lecturer: A lecturer is designated as an Assistant Professor, an Associate Professor or a Professor. As a college Lecturer or Professor, an individual is responsible to conduct lectures, academic research and help students to conduct their own research projects. To become one, you need to appear for the UGC-NET examination upon completing a Master’s degree in your field of preference. The National Eligibility Test (NET) is an exam to determine the eligibility of Indian Nationals for the position of an Assistant Professors or Junior Research Fellow. The exam is conducted bi-yearly, in June and November.

A teacher is the way shower and light bearer that illuminates the path for many lives throughout their lives. As noble a profession it is, your influence and impact has the power to be role models. To explore more career choices you can read our career guides and info hub blogs.

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